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APA Quiz Answers

  1. According to APA format, the list of references which appear at the end of your paper is called
    1. is correct; all others are incorrect.
  2. The references at the end of your paper should appear
    1. is correct; all others are incorrect.

Using Parenthetical Citations Correctly

  1. Identify the correct parenthetical citation for this source:
    Tannen, D. (1998). The argument culture. Toronto: Random House.
    1. Correct.
    2. Incorrect. The author has not been identified.
    3. Incorrect. The author has not been identified, and the book needs to be identified only if the writer is referring to more than work by Tannen in this paper.
    4. Incorrect. The date is missing and “p.”
  2. Identify the correct parenthetical citation for this source:
    Keaveney, S. (2004). “When MTV Goes CEO.” In D. Brundage & M. Lahey (Eds.), Acting on words (pp. 99-103). Toronto: Pearson.
    1. Incorrect. This citation follows MLA format.
    2. Incorrect. The author does not need to be named again, and the year should appear after the first mention of the author.
    3. Incorrect. The editors’ names should not appear, and the year is in the wrong place.
    4. Correct.
    5. Incorrect. The author’s full name and the title not be given.
  3. “Melanoma: low-dose chemobiotherapy is effective in treatment of metastatic melanoma.”(2006, February 19). Medical devices & surgical technology week, 372.
    R. W. Weber’s work and a quotation from him are referred to in the article, but the material has been taken from another source. Which of the following parenthetical citations is correct?
    1. Incorrect. This citation makes it look like Weber wrote the article.
    2. Incorrect. This citation makes it look like Weber wrote the article, even though the title is included.
    3. Incorrect. The name of the journal does not need to be included, but the title should be.
    4. Incorrect. This citation follows MLA format.
    5. Correct. There is no author for the article so a short title is used, and because Weber is quoted within it, and is not the author of the article, “as cited in” must be added to the citation.
  4. Identify the correct parenthetical citation for this source the first time it appears in your paper:
    Ashcroft, B., Griffiths, G. & Tiffin, H. (1989). The empire writes back: theory and practice in post-colonial literatures. London: Routledge.
    1. Incorrect. Only use “et al” when all the authors have been referred to in a previous citation.
    2. Correct.
    3. Incorrect. The year is missing.
    4. Incorrect. The book rather than the authors has been identified.
    5. Incorrect. This follows MLA format.
  5. On Feb. 20, 2006, you interviewed Shaun White, who won an Olympic gold medal in snowboarding at Turin on Feb. 20, 2006. Which citation is correct?
    1. Correct.
    2. Incorrect. It is not clear that this is an interview, and the author has already been identified.
    3. Incorrect. This is not the format used for a personal, unpublished interview.
    4. Incorrect. Personal interviews are referred to by the surname of the person interviewed.
    5. Incorrect. This follows MLA format.
  6. You are using material from a newspaper article. There is no author given, but the title of the article is “Was Emerson lying to his constituents?,” published in the Edmonton Journal on Feb. 14, 2006, on p. A2. Which is the proper parenthetical citation for this paraphrase?
    1. Incorrect. “Anonymous” is not used to identify an author in APA format unless the source actually uses the word “Anonymous” to identify the author.
    2. Incorrect. This citation would not match the first word(s) to appear for the reference on References list.
    3. Correct.
    4. Incorrect. Emerson did not write the article, and page numbers are not given for paraphrases.
    5. Incorrect. Parenthetical citations are required for both quotations and paraphrases to identify the author (or title) and date. No page number is required for paraphrases in APA format.

Integrating Quotations Correctly

  1. In which sentence the quotation been integrated the most successfully?
    1. Incorrect. The quotation has not been integrated at all.
    2. Incorrect. There are not enough words in the sentence to integrate the quotation successfully.
    3. Incorrect. The quotation does not fully explain or support the sentence.
    4. Correct. The quotation has been prepared for and fits smoothly into the text.
  2. In which sentence has the quotation been integrated the most successfully?
    1. Incorrect. The quotation is unnecessarily broken up and difficult to follow.
    2. Correct. The quotation fits smoothly into the text of the sentence.
    3. Incorrect. There are not enough words to introduce the quotation smoothly into the text of the sentence.
    4. Incorrect. The quotation needs to be introduced from the beginning so there is not a change of voice.

Using Quotations Correctly

  1. The original quotation about machinists reads “The machinists use various tools, such as hammers and tongs, on a daily basis” (Brown, 2003, p. 311). Which sentence has used the quotation correctly to fit into it grammatically and logically?
    1. Correct. The verb in the quotation has been made to fit into the sentence grammatically and the words left out do not change the sentence’s meaning.
    2. Incorrect. The original verb tense does not agree with the writer’s sentence.
    3. Incorrect. When words are left out of the beginning of a sentence, they are not replaced by ellipses.
    4. Incorrect. There is no reason to capitalize “machinists.” Ellipses are not enclosed in square (editorial) brackets.
  2. Which example of a block quotation is correct? (Imagine that all of them are double-spaced). Four periods were used in the ellipses because what follows the ellipses comes from a different sentence later in the paragraph. (Use three periods when removing one or more words from a single sentence).
    1. Incorrect. A colon must be preceded by an independent clause even when introducing a quotation.
    2. Correct.
    3. Incorrect. Block quotations are not enclosed in quotation marks.
    4. Incorrect. There are three errors here: the use of the colon, the quotation marks, and the placement of the period after the parenthetical citation.

Using Source Materials Fairly

  1. The original quotation from Bob Simpson on a website reads “Although some people believe the Lamborgotti Fasterossa is the fastest car in the world, others name the Ferrari as the fastest.” Which is an unfair and misleading use of this quotation?
    1. Incorrect. This is fair use.
    2. Incorrect. This is fair use.
    3. Incorrect. This is fair use.
    4. Correct. Simpson does not claim that the Lamborgotti Fasterossa is the fastest car.
  2. The original quotation from Jeremy Black, a film critic, reads “This film can be said to be many things, but one of the things it is not is funny.” Which is fair use of this quotation?
    1. Correct.
    2. Incorrect. Black thinks it is many things, but funny isn’t one of them.
    3. Incorrect. This is the opposite of what Black actually claims.
    4. Incorrect. The last part of the sentence reverses what Black has said.

Paraphrasing Correctly

  1. The original quotation follows statistics on the increase in eighteen to thirty-four year olds owning their own businesses: “The trend may dilute corporate pools of promotable junior managers but provide a needed infrastructure for corporate outsourcing” (Keaveney, 2004, p.102-103). Which paraphrase is acceptable?
    1. Incorrect. The syntax follows the original too closely.
    2. Incorrect. Parts of the paraphrase are direct quotations (which are not identified).
    3. Correct.
    4. Incorrect. This paraphrase is not identical in meaning to the original.
  2. The original quotation discussing melanoma treatment talks about “Thirty-one patients with histologically confirmed unresectable measurable metastatic melanoma were enrolled [in this] study” (“Melanoma,” 2006, p. 372). Which paraphrase is done correctly and best for a lay audience (one unfamiliar with the medical terminology)?
    1. Incorrect. This paraphrase follows the syntax of the original too closely.
    2. Correct. This is a useful, simple paraphrase.
    3. Incorrect. The paraphrase is misleading because there are no conditions attached to the melanoma participants have.
    4. Incorrect. This is not directed to a lay audience who may be unfamiliar with some terms.

Formatting References Entries Correctly

  1. Which is the correct format for an article called “The biological, social and clinical bases of drug addiction: commentary and debate,” by J. Altman, B. J. Everitt, T. W. Robbins, S. Glautier, A. Markou, D. Nutt., R. Oretti and G. D. Phillips. It was published in 1996 in Psychopharmacology, an online journal; ISSN 0033-3158, and Volume 125, Issue Number 4, pages 285 – 345.
    1. Incorrect. There are many errors here, including the indentation of the first line.
    2. Correct. When there are more than seven authors, six authors are listed, followed by an ellipsis, followed by the last author's name. The ampersand is eliminated.
    3. Incorrect. The first six authors should be identified, and there is unnecessary information.
    4. Incorrect. The seventh and eighth authors should be represented by “et al.” There is also extra unnecessary information gvien.
    5. Incorrect. This follows MLA format.
  2. The book is called The Empire Writes Back: Theory and Practice in Post-Colonial Literatures by Bill Ashcroft, Gareth Griffiths and Helen Tiffin. It was published in 1989 by Routledge in London. How should it appear as a reference at the end of your paper?
    1. Incorrect. All the authors should be named, since there are fewer than seven.
    2. Incorrect. The authors’ names should be reversed. The year is in the wrong place.
    3. Correct.
    4. Incorrect. Here “and” is used instead of an ampersand, and the words in the title are capitalized unnecessarily.
    5. Incorrect. This follows MLA format.
  3. The website is called William Faulkner on the Web, and the page you cited is called Faulkner Filmography. The site's author, John B. Padgett, last modified the page on Monday, October 09, 2000 at 11:56 AM. The URL is http://www.mcsr.olemiss.edu/~egjbp/faulkner/films.html. Which is the correct entry as it should appear on the references list?
    1. Incorrect. The information is not all in the correct order, and there is some unnecessary information.
    2. Incorrect. Some important information is missing, and some unnecessary information has been included.
    3. Incorrect. This entry follows MLA format.
    4. Incorrect. The page that the writer is citing is not named, and the date is in the wrong place.
    5. Correct.
  4. You interviewed Pat Sweeney, a cardiologist, for your paper, on Jan. 10, 2006 at 2 p.m. in the doctor’s home. What is the correct entry for the list of references?
    1. Incorrect. The first two parts follow MLA format, and January would not be abbreviated in any reference according to APA format.
    2. Incorrect. Interviews are not included on the list of references. This is close to the correct format for an in-text citation.
    3. Incorrect. Interviews are not included on the list of references. An author’s degree or title is not used in citations.
    4. Correct.
    5. Incorrect. Interviews are not included on the list of references.
  5. You want to use a newspaper article where there is no author given. The title of the article is “Was Emerson lying to his constituents?” and it was published in the Edmonton Journal on Feb. 14, 2006, on p. A2. Which is the correct entry for the list of references?
    1. Correct.
    2. Incorrect. We do not know that the editors are responsible for creating the article.The article title should not be enclosed in quotation marks.
    3. Incorrect. “Anonymous” is no longer used when creating references where there is no author identified (unless the actual word “Anonymous” was used in place of the author on the original source).
    4. Incorrect. This follows MLA format.
    5. Incorrect. The exact date of the article is not given and the “p.” is missing before the page number.

Using Punctuation Correctly in Citations

  1. According to Dr. Nick Riviera, “There is no such thing as an unnecessary operation” (as cited in Doctor knows best, 2005, p. 55).
  2. One doctor claims that “[h]anding patients helpful brochures after announcing a diagnosis reflects a caring attitude” (Hibbard, 2004, p. 23).
  3. Doctor knows best: quotations from famous physicians. (2005). Toronto: McClelland and Stewart.
  4. Hibbard, J. (2004, November). How to show your patients you care. Annals of the Royal Society of Physicians and Surgeons, 211(4), 23-35.
  5. Munroe, M. (2004, August 12). Patient care. Retrieved from http://www.marvinmunroe.com/patientcare.htm

Updated September 10 2014 by Student & Academic Services

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