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APA Quiz

Before you begin the quiz, you may want to review the information in Basics of Documentation (p. 4-8, 14-18) under the following headings:

6. Where should my documentation appear?

7. How should I cite the sources I have used?

  1. How do I use parenthetical citations?
  2. How do I integrate quotations?
  3. How do I paraphrase correctly and effectively?

Appendix A

  1. Examples of References in MLA format
  2. Sample Works Cited

Appendix B

  1. Examples of References in APA format
  2. Sample References

You will note that the questions below follow the same order. Try not to look back to Basics of Documentation for the answer so that you can test your knowledge. For each question, note the number of the correct answer (answers are available in APA quiz answers). If you have printed this quiz, you can highlight or underline the answer to help you check.

  1. According to APA format, the list of references which appear at the end of your paper is called
    1. Bibliography
    2. Works Cited
    3. References
    4. Sources used
    5. List of references
  2. The references at the end of your paper should appear
    1. in alphabetical order by authors’ surname or by title (if there is no author), regardless of type of reference (book, film journal article, website, etc.).
    2. under separate subheadings according to type of source.
    3. first under those with authors, then those without.
    4. numbered in the order in which they appear.

Using Parenthetical Citations Correctly

  1. Identify the correct parenthetical citation for this source:
    Tannen, D. (1998). The argument culture. Toronto: Random House.
    1. Every issue we see discussed on television appears to be set up as an argument:
      “In the argument culture, criticism, attack, or opposition are the predominant if not the only ways of responding to people or ideas” (Tannen,1998, p. 7).
    2. Every issue we see discussed on television appears to be set up as an argument:
      “In the argument culture, criticism, attack, or opposition are the predominant if not the only ways of responding to people or ideas” (p. 7).
    3. Every issue we see discussed on television appears to be set up as an argument:
      “In the argument culture, criticism, attack, or opposition are the predominant if not the only ways of responding to people or ideas” (The argument culture, 1998, p. 7).
    4. Every issue we see discussed on television appears to be set up as an argument:
      “In the argument culture, criticism, attack, or opposition are the predominant if not the only ways of responding to people or ideas” (Tannen 7).
  2. Identify the correct parenthetical citation for this source:
    Keaveney, S. (2004). “When MTV Goes CEO.” In D. Brundage & M. Lahey (Eds.), Acting on words (pp. 99-103). Toronto: Pearson.
    1. According to Keaveney, “Before mid-millennium, Gen Xers will be the CEOs of the future” (103).
    2. According to Keaveney, “Before mid-millennium, Gen Xers will be the CEOs of the future” (Keaveney, 2004, p. 103).
    3. According to Keaveney, “Before mid-millennium, Gen Xers will be the CEOs of the future” (Brundage and Lahey, 2004, p. 103).
    4. According to Keaveney (2004), “Before mid-millennium, Gen Xers will be the CEOs of the future” (p. 103).
    5. According to Keaveney, “Before mid-millennium, Gen Xers will be the CEOs of the future” (S. Keaveney, “When MTV Goes CEO,” p. 103).
  3. “Melanoma: low-dose chemobiotherapy is effective in treatment of metastatic melanoma.” (2006, February 19). Medical devices & surgical technology week, 372.
    R. W. Weber’s work and a quotation from him are referred to in the article, but the material has been taken from another source. Which of the following parenthetical citations is correct?
    1. According to R. W. Weber (2006), “Thirty-one patients with histologically confirmed unresectable measurable metastatic melanoma were enrolled onto an open-label, multicenter phase II study” (p. 372).
    2. According to R. W. Weber (2006), “Thirty-one patients with histologically confirmed unresectable measurable metastatic melanoma were enrolled onto an open-label, multicenter phase II study” (“Melanoma,” p. 372).
    3. According to R. W. Weber, “Thirty-one patients with histologically confirmed unresectable measurable metastatic melanoma were enrolled onto an open-label, multicenter phase II study” (as cited in Medical devices & surgical technology week, 2006, p. 372).
    4. According to R. W. Weber, “Thirty-one patients with histologically confirmed unresectable measurable metastatic melanoma were enrolled onto an open-label, multicenter phase II study” (qtd. in “Melanoma” 372).
    5. According to R. W. Weber, “Thirty-one patients with histologically confirmed unresectable measurable metastatic melanoma were enrolled onto an open-label, multicenter phase II study” (as cited in “Melanoma,” 2006, p. 372).
  4. Identify the correct parenthetical citation for this source the first time it appears in your paper:
    Ashcroft, B., Griffiths, G. & Tiffin, H. (1989). The empire writes back: theory and practice in post-colonial literatures. London: Routledge.
    1. Therefore, readers need to remember that “[t]he first post-colonial society to develop a ‘national’ literature was the USA” (Ashcroft et al., 1989, p. 15).
    2. Therefore, readers need to remember that “[t]he first post-colonial society to develop a ‘national’ literature was the USA” (Ashcroft, Griffiths, & Tiffin, 1989, p. 15).
    3. Therefore, readers need to remember that “[t]he first post-colonial society to develop a ‘national’ literature was the USA” (Ashcroft, Griffiths & Tiffin, p. 15).
    4. Therefore, readers need to remember that “[t]he first post-colonial society to develop a ‘national’ literature was the USA” (The empire writes back, 1989, p. 15).
    5. Therefore, readers need to remember that “[t]he first post-colonial society to develop a ‘national’ literature was the USA” (Ashcroft, Griffiths, and Tiffin 15).
  5. On Feb. 20, 2006, you interviewed Shaun White, who won an Olympic gold medal in snowboarding at Turin on Feb. 20, 2006. Which citation is correct?
    1. Shaun White says that he is “sick of being called The Flying Tomato” (personal communication, February 20, 2006).
    2. Shaun White says that he is “sick of being called The Flying Tomato” (White, February 20, 2006).
    3. In an interview, Shaun White (2006) says he is “sick of being called The Flying Tomato.”
    4. In an interview, Shaun White says he is “sick of being called The Flying Tomato” (Use your surname here because you interviewed him).
    5. Shaun White says that he is “sick of being called The Flying Tomato.”
  6. You are using material from a newspaper article. There is no author given, but the title of the article is “Was Emerson lying to his constituents?,” published in the Edmonton Journal on Feb. 14, 2006, on p. A2. Which is the proper parenthetical citation for this paraphrase?
    1. Earlier, Emerson had claimed that he would do everything he could to fight the Liberals in government (Anonymous, 2006, p. A2).
    2. Earlier, Emerson had claimed that he would do everything he could to fight the Liberals in government (Edmonton Journal, Feb. 14, 2006).
    3. Earlier, Emerson had claimed that he would do everything he could to fight the Liberals in government (“Was Emerson lying,” 2006).
    4. Earlier, Emerson had claimed that he would do everything he could to fight the Liberals in government (Emerson, 2006, p. A2).
    5. Earlier, Emerson had claimed that he would do everything he could to fight the Liberals in government. (no parenthetical citation is necessary for a paraphrase).

Integrating Quotations Correctly

  1. In which sentence the quotation been integrated the most successfully?
    1. Susan Keaveney (2004) explains that Gen Xers will develop a new kind of management style. “Having rebelled against standard business hours and micromanagement, they might find it difficult to make such demands of their subordinates” (p. 102).
    2. Susan Keaveney (2004) explains that Gen Xers will develop a new kind of management style. They “[h]ave rebelled against standard business hours and micromanagement, [so] they might find it difficult to make such demands of their subordinates” (p. 102).
    3. Susan Keaveney (2004) explains that Gen Xers will develop a new kind of management style: “Having rebelled against standard business hours and micromanagement, they might find it difficult to make such demands of their subordinates” (p. 102).
    4. Susan Keaveney (2004) explains that Gen Xers will develop a new kind of management style because of their attitudes towards being managed: “Having rebelled against standard business hours and micromanagement, they might find it difficult to make such demands of their subordinates” (p. 102).
  2. In which sentence has the quotation been integrated the most successfully?
    1. One of the ways that Baby Boomers and Gen Xers can get along in the workplace is to “[f]ac[e]” their problems “squarely” by looking at them as “issues” that consider differences in “cultur[es]” (Keaveney, 2004, p. 103).
    2. Managers from both generations will be able to find ways to work together by “[f]acing the issue squarely and approaching Gen X workplace issues as issues of cultural diversity” (Keaveney, 2004, p. 103).
    3. By “[f]acing the issue squarely and approaching Gen X workplace issues as issues of cultural diversity,” managers from both generations will be able to work together (Keaveney, 2004, p. 103).
    4. “Facing the issue squarely and approaching Gen X workplace issues as issues of cultural diversity” will help managers from both generations work together (Keaveney, 2004, p. 103).

Using Quotations Correctly

  1. The original quotation about machinists reads “The machinists use various tools, such as hammers and tongs, on a daily basis” (Brown, 2003, p. 311). Which sentence has used the quotation correctly to fit into it grammatically and logically?
    1. Historians have discovered that “machinists use[d] various tools…on a daily basis” (Brown, 2003, p. 311).
    2. Historians have discovered that “machinists use various tools…on a daily basis” (Brown, 2003, p. 311).
    3. Historians have discovered that “…machinists use[d] various tools…on a daily basis” (Brown, 2003, p. 311).
    4. Historians have discovered that “[M]achinists use various tools […] on a daily basis” (Brown, 2003, p. 311).
  2. Which example of a block quotation is correct? (Imagine that all of them are double-spaced). Four periods were used in the ellipses because what follows the ellipses comes from a different sentence later in the paragraph. (Use three periods when removing one or more words from a single sentence).
    1. In How to Think Like Leonardo da Vinci, Michael Gelb (1998) claims that:
      A healthy diet and aerobic, strength, and flexibility training are key elements in achieving and maintaining well-being, but your fitness regimen is incomplete without a constructive approach to body awareness, poise, and ambidexterity. These elements form the “missing link” in many fitness programs….Body image and awareness play a tremendous role in determining self-image and self-awareness. (p. 199)
    2. In How to Think Like Leonardo da Vinci, Michael Gelb (1998) claims that
      A healthy diet and aerobic, strength, and flexibility training are key elements in achieving and maintaining well-being, but your fitness regimen is incomplete without a constructive approach to body awareness, poise, and ambidexterity. These elements form the “missing link” in many fitness programs….Body image and awareness play a tremendous role in determining self-image and self-awareness. (p. 199)
    3. In How to Think Like Leonardo da Vinci, Michael Gelb (1998) claims that
      “A healthy diet and aerobic, strength, and flexibility training are key elements in achieving and maintaining well-being, but your fitness regimen is incomplete without a constructive approach to body awareness, poise, and ambidexterity. These elements form the ‘missing link’ in many fitness programs….Body image and awareness play a tremendous role in determining self-image and self-awareness.” (p. 199)
    4. In How to Think Like Leonardo da Vinci, Michael Gelb (1998) claims that:
      “A healthy diet and aerobic, strength, and flexibility training are key elements in achieving and maintaining well-being, but your fitness regimen is incomplete without a constructive approach to body awareness, poise, and ambidexterity.These elements form the “missing link” in many fitness programs….Body image and awareness play a tremendous role in determining self-image and self-awareness” (p. 199).

Using Source Materials Fairly

  1. The original quotation from Bob Simpson on a website reads “Although some people believe the Lamborgotti Fasterossa is the fastest car in the world, others name the Ferrari as the fastest.” Which is an unfair and misleading use of this quotation?
    1. If we compare Italian cars, “some people believe the Lamborgotti Fasterossa is the fastest car in the world, [while] others name the Ferrari as the fastest” (Simpson, 2006).
    2. Bob Simpson (2006) claims that “[a]lthough some people believe the Lamborgotti Fasterossa is the fastest car in the world, others name the Ferrari as the fastest.”
    3. According to one race car driver, “[a]lthough some people believe the Lamborgotti Fasterossa is the fastest car in the world, others name the Ferrari as the fastest” (Simpson, 2006).
    4. Bob Simpson (2006) claims that “the Lamborgotti Fasterossa is the fastest car in the world, [but] others name the Ferrari as the fastest.”
  2. The original quotation from Jeremy Black, a film critic, reads “This film can be said to be many things, but one of the things it is not is funny.” Which is fair use of this quotation?
    1. Jeremy Black (2002) insists that “[t]his film…is not…funny.”
    2. Jeremy Black (2002) claims that this movie is “many things…[including] funny.”
    3. Jeremy Black (2002) has called the film “funny.”
    4. Jeremy Black (2002) claims that “[t]his film can be said to be many things[;]…one of the things it is is funny.”

Paraphrasing Correctly

  1. The original quotation follows statistics on the increase in eighteen to thirty-four year olds owning their own businesses: “The trend may dilute corporate pools of promotable junior managers but provide a needed infrastructure for corporate outsourcing” (Keaveney, 2004, p.102-103). Which paraphrase is acceptable?
    1. The current fashion of members of the younger generation owning their own businesses might water down the numbers of available potential low-ranking administrators; however, it might also supply a necessary means at a basic level for business to subcontract (Keaveney, 2004).
    2. A necessary infrastructure for corporate outsourcing is provided even though the trend of members of the younger generation owning their own businesses is weakening the availability of potential executives (Keaveney, 2004).
    3. Increasingly, members of the younger generation are becoming entrepreneurs rather than making themselves available to work their way up the management scale for an individual company; the difficulties this may cause for companies is offset by the services as subcontractors they can provide as outsourcing becomes more necessary and more common (Keaveney, 2004).
    4. Companies will not be able to find enough people to hire who are junior management material, so they will have to subcontract the work instead (Keaveney, 2004).
  2. The original quotation discussing melanoma treatment talks about “Thirty-one patients with histologically confirmed unresectable measurable metastatic melanoma were enrolled [in this] study” (“Melanoma,” 2006, p. 372). Which paraphrase is done correctly and best for a lay audience (one unfamiliar with the medical terminology)?
    1. Thirty-one people getting medical treatment with the confirmation by microscopic tissue study that their quantifiable, spreading skin cancer could not be removed by surgery were registered in the investigation (“Melanoma,” 2006, p. 372).
    2. This study used thirty-one patients whose melanoma (a type of skin cancer) could not be removed by surgery and had obviously spread (“Melanoma,” 2006, p. 372).
    3. Participants in this study all had melanoma (“Melanoma,” 2006, p. 372).
    4. All the participants in the study (31) had microscopically established melanomas that were metastasizing and were not good candidates for surgical intervention (“Melanoma,” 2006, 372).

Formatting References Entries Correctly

  1. Which is the correct format for an article called “The biological, social and clinical bases of drug addiction: commentary and debate,” by J. Altman, B. J. Everitt, T. W. Robbins, S. Glautier, A. Markou, D. Nutt., R. Oretti and G. D. Phillips. It was published in 1996 in Psychopharmacology, an online journal; ISSN 0033-3158, and Volume 125, Issue Number 4, pages 285 – 345.
    1. “The biological, social and clinical bases of drug addiction: commentary and debate.”(1996). J. Altman, B. J. Everitt, T. W. Robbins, S. Glautier, A. Markou, D. Nutt, R. Oretti and G. D. Phillips. Psychopharmacology, Volume 125, Issue Number 4 pages: 285 - 345.
    2. Altman, J., Everitt, B. J., Robbins, T.W., Glautier, S., Markou, A., Nutt, D., et al. (1996). The biological, social and clinical bases of drug addiction: commentary and debate. Psychopharmacology, 125 (4), 285 – 345.
    3. Altman, J., Everitt, B. J., Robbins, T. W., et al. (1996). The biological, social and clinical bases of drug addiction: commentary and debate. Psychopharmacology, an online journal.125.4: 285 – 345.
    4. Altman, J., Everitt, B. J., Robbins, T. W., Glautier, S., Markou, A., Nutt, D.,... Phillips, G. D. The biological, social and clinical bases of drug addiction: commentary and debate. Psychopharmacology. ISSN 0033-3158. Vol. 125, 4 (1996): pp. 285 – 345.
    5. Altman, J., et al. “The biological, social and clinical bases of drug addiction: commentary and debate.” Psychopharmacology 125.4 (1996): 285 – 345.
  2. The book is called The Empire Writes Back: Theory and Practice in Post-Colonial Literatures by Bill Ashcroft, Gareth Griffiths and Helen Tiffin. It was published in 1989 by Routledge in London. How should it appear as a reference at the end of your paper?
    1. Ashcroft, Bill, et al. (1989). The empire writes back: theory and practice in post- colonial literatures. London: Routledge.
    2. Ashcroft, B., G. Griffiths, and H. Tiffin. The Empire Writes Back: Theory and Practice in Post-Colonial Literatures. London: Routledge, 1989.
    3. Ashcroft, B., Griffiths, G., & Tiffin, H. (1989). The empire writes back: theory and practice in post-colonial literatures. London: Routledge.
    4. Ashcroft, B., Griffiths, G., and Tiffin, H. (1989). The Empire Writes Back: Theory and Practice in Post-Colonial Literatures. London: Routledge.
    5. Ashcroft, Bill, Gareth Griffiths and Helen Tiffin. The Empire writes back: theory and practice in post-colonial literatures. London: Routledge, 1989.
  3. The website is called William Faulkner on the Web, and the page you cited is called Faulkner Filmography. The site’s author, John B. Padgett, last modified the page on Monday, October 09, 2000 at 11:56 AM. The URL is http://www.mcsr.olemiss.edu/~egjbp/faulkner/films.html. Which is the correct entry as it should appear on the references list?
    1. Padgett, J. B. William Faulkner on the web. Faulkner filmography. (2000, October 9). Retrieved from the World Wide Web on March 5, 2006, from <http://www.mcsr.olemiss.edu/~egjbp/faulkner/films.html>.
    2. Padgett, J. B. Faulkner filmography. Last modified Oct. 9, 2000. 5 Mar. 2006. <http://www.mcsr.olemiss.edu/~egjbp/faulkner/films.html>.
    3. Padgett, J. B. “Faulkner filmography.” 9 Oct. 2000. William Faulkner on the web. 5 Mar. 2006. <http://www.mcsr.olemiss.edu/~egjbp/faulkner/films.html>.
    4. Padgett, J. B. William Faulkner on the web. Last updated October 9, 2000. March 5 2006. <http://www.mcsr.olemiss.edu/~egjbp/ faulkner/films.html>.
    5. Padgett, J. B. (2000, October 9). Faulkner filmography. William Faulkner on the web. Retrieved from http://www.mcsr.olemiss. edu/~egjbp/faulkner/films.htmlpdiv>
  4. You interviewed Pat Sweeney, a cardiologist, for your paper, on Jan. 10, 2006 at 2 p.m. in the doctor’s home. What is the correct entry for the list of references?
    1. Sweeney, Pat. Personal Interview. Jan. 10, 2006.
    2. Sweeney, P., personal communication, January 10, 2006.
    3. Sweeney, Pat, M.D. Personal Communication. 10 Jan. 2006.
    4. You should not reference this source under References.
    5. Home Interview, 2:00 p.m. Dr. Pat Sweeney. 10 Jan. 2006.
  5. You want to use a newspaper article where there is no author given. The title of the article is “Was Emerson lying to his constituents?” and it was published in the Edmonton Journal on Feb. 14, 2006, on p. A2. Which is the correct entry for the list of references?
    1. Was Emerson lying to his constituents? (2006, February 14). Edmonton Journal, p. A2.
    2. Editors. (2006, February 14). “Was Emerson lying to his constituents?” Edmonton Journal, p. A2.
    3. Anonymous. (2006, February 14). Was Emerson lying to his constituents? Edmonton Journal, p. A2.
    4. “Was Emerson lying to his constituents?” Edmonton Journal Feb. 14 2006: A2.
    5. Was Emerson lying to his constituents? (2006). Edmonton Journal, A2.

Using Punctuation Correctly

Insert the correct punctuation where necessary in these quotations:

  1. According to Dr. Nick Riviera _ “There is no such thing as an unnecessary operation_” _ (as cited in _ Doctor knows best _ 2005_ p _ 55)_
  2. One doctor claims that_ “[h]anding patients helpful brochures after announcing a diagnosis reflects a caring attitude_”_(Hibbard_2004 _p_ 23)_

Insert the correct punctuation where necessary in these references:

  1. Doctor knows best: quotations from famous physicians_ (2005)_ Toronto_ McClelland_ and Stewart_
  2. Hibbard_ J _ (2004_ November)_ How to show your patients you care__ Annals of the Royal Society of Physicians and Surgeons_ 211_4__32-35_
  3. Munroe_M_(2004_ August _ 12) _ Patient care_ Retrieved from_http://www.marvinmunroe.com/patientcare.htm_

Check the correct answer with the page APA quiz answers.

Updated September 10 2014 by Student & Academic Services

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