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MLA Quiz

Before taking this quiz, you may want to read the material on pages 4-13 of Basics of Documentation under these headings:

6. Where should my documentation appear?

7. How should I cite the sources I have used?

  1. How do I use parenthetical citations?
  2. How do I integrate quotations?
  3. How do I paraphrase correctly and effectively?

Appendix A

  1. Examples of References in MLA format
  2. Sample Works Cited

You will note that the questions below follow the same order. Try not to look back to Basics of Documentation for the answer so that you can test your knowledge. For each question, note the number of the correct answer (answers are available in MLA quiz answers). If you have printed this quiz, you can highlight or underline the answer to help you check.

  1. According to MLA format, the list of references which appear at the end of your paper is called
    1. Bibliography
    2. Works Cited
    3. References
    4. Sources used
    5. List of references
  2. The references at the end of your paper should appear
    1. in alphabetical order by authors’ surname or by title (if there is no author), regardless of type of reference (book, film journal article, website, etc.).
    2. under separate subheadings according to type of source.
    3. first under those with authors, then those without.
    4. numbered in the order in which they appear.

Using Parenthetical Citations Correctly

  1. Identify the correct parenthetical citation for this source:
    Tannen, Deborah. The Argument Culture. Toronto: Random House, 1998.
    1. Every issue we see discussed on television appears to be set up as an argument:
      “In the argument culture, criticism, attack, or opposition are the predominant if not the only ways of responding to people or ideas” (Tannen 7).
    2. Every issue we see discussed on television appears to be set up as an argument:
      “In the argument culture, criticism, attack, or opposition are the predominant if not the only ways of responding to people or ideas” (7).
    3. Every issue we see discussed on television appears to be set up as an argument:
      “In the argument culture, criticism, attack, or opposition are the predominant if not the only ways of responding to people or ideas” (The Argument Culture 7).
    4. Every issue we see discussed on television appears to be set up as an argument:
      “In the argument culture, criticism, attack, or opposition are the predominant if not the only ways of responding to people or ideas” (Tannen, 1998, p. 7).
    5. Every issue we see discussed on television appears to be set up as an argument:
      “In the argument culture, criticism, attack, or opposition are the predominant if not the only ways of responding to people or ideas” (Tannen, p. 7).
  2. Identify the correct parenthetical citation for this source:
    Keaveney, Susan. “When MTV Goes CEO.” Acting on Words. Ed. David Brundage and Michael Lahey. Toronto: Pearson, 2004. 99-103.
    1. According to Keaveney (2004), “Before mid-millennium, Gen Xers will be the CEOs of the future” (p. 103).
    2. According to Keaveney, “Before mid-millennium, Gen Xers will be the CEOs of the future” (Keaveney, 103).
    3. According to Keaveney, “Before mid-millennium, Gen Xers will be the CEOs of the future” (Brundage and Lahey 103).
    4. According to Keaveney, “Before mid-millennium, Gen Xers will be the CEOs of the future” (103).
    5. According to Keaveney, “Before mid-millennium, Gen Xers will be the CEOs of the future” (Susan Keaveney, “When MTV Goes CEO,” 103).
  3. “Melanoma: low-dose chemobiotherapy is effective in treatment of metastatic melanoma.”Medical Devices & Surgical Technology Week 19 Feb. 2006: 372.
    R. W. Weber’s work and a quotation from him are referred to in the above article, but the material has been taken from another source. Which of the following parenthetical citations is correct?
    1. According to R. W. Weber, “Thirty-one patients with histologically confirmed unresectable measurable metastatic melanoma were enrolled onto an open-label, multicenter phase II study” (qtd. in “Melanoma,” Medical Devices & Surgical Technology Week 372).
    2. According to R. W. Weber, “Thirty-one patients with histologically confirmed unresectable measurable metastatic melanoma were enrolled onto an open-label, multicenter phase II study” (“Melanoma” 372).
    3. According to R. W. Weber, “Thirty-one patients with histologically confirmed unresectable measurable metastatic melanoma were enrolled onto an open-label, multicenter phase II study” (qtd. in “Melanoma” 372).
    4. According to R. W. Weber, “Thirty-one patients with histologically confirmed unresectable measurable metastatic melanoma were enrolled onto an open-label, multicenter phase II study” (as cited in “Melanoma,” 2006, p. 372).
    5. According to R. W. Weber, “Thirty-one patients with histologically confirmed unresectable measurable metastatic melanoma were enrolled onto an open-label, multicenter phase II study” (372).
  4. Identify the correct parenthetical citation for this source:
    Ashcroft, Bill, Gareth Griffiths, and Helen Tiffin. The Empire Writes Back: Theory and Practice in Post-Colonial Literatures. London: Routledge, 1989.
    1. Therefore, readers need to remember that “[t]he first post-colonial society to develop a ‘national’ literature was the USA” (Ashcroft et al. 15).
    2. Therefore, readers need to remember that “[t]he first post-colonial society to develop a ‘national’ literature was the USA” (Ashcroft, Griffiths, and Tiffin 15).
    3. Therefore, readers need to remember that “[t]he first post-colonial society to develop a ‘national’ literature was the USA” (Ashcroft, Griffiths & Tiffin 15).
    4. Therefore, readers need to remember that “[t]he first post-colonial society to develop a ‘national’ literature was the USA” (The Empire Writes Back 15).
    5. Therefore, readers need to remember that “[t]he first post-colonial society to develop a ‘national’ literature was the USA” (Ashcroft, Griffiths, and Tiffin, p.15).
  5. You have interviewed Shaun White, who won an Olympic gold medal in snowboarding at Turin. You interviewed him in person on Feb. 20, 2006. Which citation is correct?
    1. Shaun White says that he is “sick of being called The Flying Tomato” (personal communication, February 20, 2006).
    2. Shaun White says that he is “sick of being called The Flying Tomato” (White, Feb. 20, 2006).
    3. In an interview, Shaun White says he is “sick of being called The Flying Tomato.”
    4. In an interview, Shaun White says that he is “sick of being called The Flying Tomato” (Use your surname here because you interviewed him).
    5. Shaun White says that he is “sick of being called The Flying Tomato” (White and your surname, February 20, 2006).
  6. You are using material from a newspaper article. There is no author given, but the title of the article is “Was Emerson lying to his constituents?,” published in the Edmonton Journal on Feb. 14, 2006, on p. A2.
    Which is the proper parenthetical citation for this paraphrase?
    1. Earlier, Emerson had claimed that he would do everything he could to fight the Liberals in government (Anonymous A2).
    2. Earlier, Emerson had claimed that he would do everything he could to fight the Liberals in government (Edmonton Journal, Feb. 14, 2006).
    3. Earlier, Emerson had claimed that he would do everything he could to fight the Liberals in government. (a parenthetical citation is unnecessary for a paraphrase).
    4. Earlier, Emerson had claimed that he would do everything he could to fight the Liberals in government (Emerson A2).
    5. Earlier, Emerson had claimed that he would do everything he could to fight the Liberals in government (“Was Emerson lying” A2).

Integrating Quotations Correctly

  1. In which sentence has the quotation been integrated the most successfully?
    1. Susan Keaveney explains that Gen Xers will develop a new kind of management style. “Having rebelled against standard business hours and micromanagement, they might find it difficult to make such demands of their subordinates” (102).
    2. Susan Keaveney explains that Gen Xers will develop a new kind of management style. They “[h]ave rebelled against standard business hours and micromanagement, [so] they might find it difficult to make such demands of their subordinates” (102).
    3. Susan Keaveney explains that Gen Xers will develop a new kind of management style: “Having rebelled against standard business hours and micromanagement, they might find it difficult to make such demands of their subordinates” (102).
    4. Susan Keaveney explains that Gen Xers will develop a new kind of management style because of their attitudes toward being managed: “Having rebelled against standard business hours and micromanagement, they might find it difficult to make such demands of their subordinates” (102).
  2. In which sentence has the quotation been integrated the most successfully?
    1. One of the ways that Baby Boomers and Gen Xers can get along in the workplace is to “[f]ac[e]” their problems “squarely” by looking at them as “issues” that consider differences in “cultur[es]” (Keaveney 103).
    2. “Facing the issue squarely and approaching Gen X workplace issues as issues of cultural diversity” will help managers from both generations work together (Keaveney 103).
    3. By “[f]acing the issue squarely and approaching Gen X workplace issues as issues of cultural diversity,” managers from both generations will be able to work together (Keaveney 103).
    4. Managers from both generations will be able to find ways to work together by “[f]acing the issue squarely and approaching Gen X workplace issues as issues of cultural diversity” (Keaveney 103).

Using Quotations Correctly

  1. The original quotation reads “The machinists use various tools, such as hammers and tongs, on a daily basis” (Brown 311). Which sentence has used the quotation correctly to fit into it grammatically and logically?
    1. Historians have discovered that “machinists use[d] various tools…on a daily basis” (Brown 311).
    2. Historians have discovered that “machinists use various tools…on a daily basis” (Brown 311).
    3. Historians have discovered that “…machinists use[d] various tools…on a daily basis” (Brown 311).
    4. Historians have discovered that “[M]achinists use various tools […] on a daily basis” (Brown 311).
  2. Which example of a block quotation is correct?
    Pretend that all the quotations are double-spaced, as they should be. Four periods were used in the ellipses because what follows the ellipses comes from a different sentence later in the paragraph. (Use three periods when removing one or more words from a single sentence).
    1. In How to Think Like Leonardo da Vinci, Michael Gelb claims that:
      A healthy diet and aerobic, strength, and flexibility training are key elements in achieving and maintaining well-being, but your fitness regimen is incomplete without a constructive approach to body awareness, poise, and ambidexterity. These elements form the “missing link” in many fitness programs….Body image and awareness play a tremendous role in determining self-image and self-awareness. (199)
    2. In How to Think Like Leonardo da Vinci, Michael Gelb claims that
      [a] healthy diet and aerobic, strength, and flexibility training are key elements in achieving and maintaining well-being, but your fitness regimen is incomplete without a constructive approach to body awareness, poise, and ambidexterity. These elements form the “missing link” in many fitness programs….Body image and awareness play a tremendous role in determining self-image and self-awareness. (199)
    3. In How to Think Like Leonardo da Vinci, Michael Gelb claims that
      “A healthy diet and aerobic, strength, and flexibility training are key elements in achieving and maintaining well-being, but your fitness regimen is incomplete without a constructive approach to body awareness, poise, and ambidexterity. These elements form the ‘missing link’ in many fitness programs….Body image and awareness play a tremendous role in determining self-image and self-awareness.” (199)
    4. In How to Think Like Leonardo da Vinci, Michael Gelb claims that:
      “A healthy diet and aerobic, strength, and flexibility training are key elements in achieving and maintaining well-being, but your fitness regimen is incomplete without a constructive approach to body awareness, poise, and ambidexterity. These elements form the “missing link” in many fitness programs….Body image and awareness play a tremendous role in determining self-image and self-awareness” (199).

Using Source Materials Fairly

  1. The original quotation from Bob Simpson on a website reads “Although some people believe the Lamborgotti Fasterossa is the fastest car in the world, others name the Ferrari as the fastest.” Which is an unfair and misleading use of this quotation?
    1. If we compare Italian cars, “some people believe the Lamborgotti Fasterossa is the fastest car in the world, [while] others name the Ferrari as the fastest” (Simpson).
    2. Bob Simpson claims that “[a]lthough some people believe the Lamborgotti Fasterossa is the fastest car in the world, others name the Ferrari as the fastest.”
    3. Bob Simpson claims that “the Lamborgotti Fasterossa is the fastest car in the world, [but] others name the Ferrari as the fastest.”
    4. According to one race car driver, “[a]lthough some people believe the Lamborgotti Fasterossa is the fastest car in the world, others name the Ferrari as the fastest” (Simpson).
  2. The original quotation from Jeremy Black, a film critic, reads “This film can be said to be many things, but one of the things it is not is funny.” Which is fair use of this quotation?
    1. Jeremy Black insists that “[t]his film…is not…funny.”
    2. Jeremy Black claims that this movie is “many things…[including] funny.”
    3. Jeremy Black has called the film “funny.”
    4. Jeremy Black claims that “[t]his film can be said to be many things[;]…one of the things it is is funny.”

Paraphrasing Correctly

  1. The original quotation follows statistics on the increase in eighteen to thirty-four year olds owning their own businesses: “The trend may dilute corporate pools of promotable junior managers but provide a needed infrastructure for corporate outsourcing” (Keaveney 102-103). Which paraphrase is acceptable?
    1. The current fashion of members of the younger generation owning their own businesses might water down the numbers of available potential low-ranking administrators; however, it might also supply a necessary means at a basic level for business to subcontract (Keaveney 102-103).
    2. A necessary infrastructure for corporate outsourcing is provided even though the trend of members of the younger generation owning their own businesses is weakening the availability of potential executives (Keaveney 102-103).
    3. Increasingly, members of the younger generation are becoming entrepreneurs rather than making themselves available to work their way up the management scale for an individual company; the difficulties this may cause for companies is offset by the services as subcontractors they can provide as outsourcing becomes more necessary and more common (Keaveney 102-103).
    4. Companies will not be able to find enough people to hire who are junior management material, so they will have to subcontract the work instead (Keaveny 102-103).
  2. The original quotation discussing melanoma treatment reports that “[t]hirty-one patients with histologically confirmed unresectable measurable metastatic melanoma were enrolled [in this] study” (“Melanoma” 372). Which paraphrase is done correctly and best for a lay audience (one unfamiliar with the medical terminology)?
    1. Thirty-one people getting medical treatment with the confirmation by microscopic tissue study that their quantifiable, spreading skin cancer could not be removed by surgery were registered in the investigation (“Melanoma” 372).
    2. This study used thirty-one patients whose melanoma (a type of skin cancer) could not be removed by surgery and had obviously spread (“Melanoma” 372).
    3. Participants in this study all had melanoma (“Melanoma” 372).
    4. All the participants in the study (31) had microscopically established melanomas that were metastasizing and were not good candidates for surgical intervention (“Melanoma” 372).

Formatting Works Cited Entries Correctly

  1. Which is the correct reference format for this article:
    The biological, social and clinical bases of drug addiction: commentary and debate by J. Altman, B. J. Everitt, T. W. Robbins, S. Glautier, A. Markou, D. Nutt, R. Oretti and G. D. Phillips. It was published in 1996 in Psychopharmacology, an online journal; ISSN 0033-3158, and Volume 125, Issue Number 4, pages 285 – 345.
    1. “The biological, social and clinical bases of drug addiction: commentary and debate.” J. Altman, B. J. Everitt, T. W. Robbins, S. Glautier, A. Markou, D. Nutt, R. Oretti and G. D. Phillips. Psychopharmacology, 1996, Volume 125, Issue Number 4 pages: 285 – 345.
    2. Altman, J., B. J. Everitt, T. W. Robbins, S. Glautier, A. Markou, D. Nutt, R. Oretti and G. D. Phillips. “The biological, social and clinical bases of drug addiction: commentary and debate.”Psychopharmacology. ISSN 0033-3158. Vol. 125.No. 4 (1996): 285 – 345.
    3. Altman, J., B. J. Everitt, T. W. Robbins, et al. (1996). “The biological, social and clinical bases of drug addiction: commentary and debate.” Psychopharmacology, an online journal. 125.4: 285 – 345.
    4. Altman, J., B. J. Everitt, T. W. Robbins, S. Glautier, A. Markou, D. Nutt, R. Oretti and G. D. Phillips. et al. “The biological, social and clinical bases of drug addiction: commentary and debate.” Psychopharmacology. ISSN 0033-3158. Vol. 125, 4 (1996): pp. 285 – 345.
    5. e) Altman, J. et al. “The biological, social and clinical bases of drug addiction: commentary and debate.” Psychopharmacology 125.4 (1996): 285 – 345.
  2. The book is called The Empire Writes Back: Theory and Practice in Post-Colonial Literatures by Bill Ashcroft, Gareth Griffiths, and Helen Tiffin. It was published in 1989 by Routledge in London. How should it appear as a reference at the end of your paper?
    1. Ashcroft, Bill, et al. TheEmpire Writes Back: Theory and Practice in Post-Colonial Literatures. London: Routledge, 1989.
    2. Ashcroft, Bill, Gareth Griffiths, and Helen Tiffin. The Empire Writes Back: Theory and Practice in Post-Colonial Literatures. London: Routledge, 1989.
    3. Ashcroft, Bill, Gareth Griffiths, and Helen Tiffin (1989). The Empire Writes Back: Theory and Practice in Post-Colonial Literatures. London: Routledge.
    4. Ashcroft, B., Griffiths, G., and Tiffin, H. The Empire Writes Back: Theory and Practice in Post-Colonial Literatures. London: Routledge, 1989.
    5. Ashcroft, Bill, Griffiths, Gareth, and Tiffin, Helen. The Empire Writes Back: Theory and Practice in Post-Colonial Literatures. London: Routledge, 1989.
  3. The website is called William Faulkner on the Web, and the page you cited is called Faulkner Filmography. The site’s author, John B. Padgett, last modified the page on Monday, October 09, 2000 at 11:56 AM. The URL is http://www.mcsr.olemiss.edu/~egjbp/faulkner/films.html. Pretend that you accessed it on March 5, 2006. Which is the proper reference as it should appear on your Works Cited page?
    1. Padgett, John B. William Faulkner on the Web. Faulkner Filmography. (Oct. 9, 2000). Retrieved from the World Wide Web on March 5, 2006, from <http://www.mcsr.olemiss.edu/~egjbp/faulkner/
      films.html>.
    2. Padgett, John B. Faulkner Filmography. Last modified Oct. 9, 2000. 5 Mar. 2006. <http://www.mcsr.
      olemiss.edu/~egjbp/faulkner/films.html>.
    3. Padgett, John B. “Faulkner Filmography.” 9 Oct. 2000. William Faulkner on the Web. 5 Mar. 2006 <http://www.mcsr.olemiss.edu/~egjbp/faulkner/
      films.html>.
    4. Padgett, John B. William Faulkner on the Web. Last updated 9 Oct. 2000. 5 Mar. 2006. <http://www.mcsr.olemiss.edu/~egjbp/faulkner/
      films.html>.
    5. Padgett, John B. “Faulkner Filmography.” 9 Oct. 2000. William Faulkner on the Web. Retrieved 5 Mar. 2006. <http://www.mcsr.olemiss.edu/~egjbp/
      faulkner/films.html>.
  4. You interviewed Pat Sweeney, a cardiologist, for your paper, on Jan. 10, 2006 at 2 p.m. in the doctor’s home. How should your reference read?
    1. Sweeney, Pat, M.D. Personal Interview on Jan. 10, 2006.
    2. Sweeney, P., personal communication, January 10, 2006.
    3. Sweeney, Pat. Personal Interview. 10 Jan. 2006.
    4. Sweeney, Pat. Personal communication. 10 Jan. 2006: 2:00 p.m.
    5. Home Interview, 2: 00 p.m. Dr. Pat Sweeney. 10 Jan. 2006.
  5. You want to use a newspaper article where there is no author given. The title of the article is “Was Emerson lying to his constituents?” and it was published in the Edmonton Journal on Feb. 14, 2006, on p. A2. Which is the proper reference for the Works Cited?
    1. Anonymous. “Was Emerson lying to his constituents?” Edmonton Journal, Feb. 14, 2006, p. A2.
    2. Editors. “Was Emerson lying to his constituents?” Edmonton Journal (Feb. 14, 2006): p. A2.
    3. “Was Emerson lying to his constituents?” Edmonton Journal 14 Feb. 2006: A2.
    4. “Was Emerson lying to his constituents?” 14 Feb. 2006. Edmonton Journal, p. A2.
    5. “Was Emerson lying to his constituents?” Journal Edmonton: 2006, A2.

Using Punctuation Correctly in Documentation

Insert the correct punctuation where necessary in these quotations:

  1. According to Dr. Nick Riviera _ “There is no such thing as an unnecessary operation_” _(qtd _ in Doctor Knows Best _ 55)_
  2. One doctor claims that_ “[h]anding patients helpful brochures after announcing a diagnosis reflects a caring attitude_”_(Hibbard _ 23)_

Insert the correct punctuation where necessary in these references:

  1. Doctor Knows Best: Quotations from Famous Physicians_ Toronto_ McClelland and Stewart_2005_
  2. Hibbard_ Julius _ “How to show your patients you care_”_ Annals of the Royal Society of
    Physicians and Surgeons
    _ 211_4 _Nov. 2004_23-35_
  3. Munroe_ Marvin_ Patient Care_ 12 Aug_ 2004_ 10 Mar_ 2006_ <http://www.
    marvinmunroe. com/patientcare.htm>_

Check the correct answer with the page MLA quiz answers.

Updated September 10 2014 by Student & Academic Services

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